• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Larix decidua

European larch

European larch

© � RHS 1999

  • Other common names European larch
    Common larch

    Venice turpentine

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  • Genus Larix are deciduous trees of conical habit, with good autumn colour from the soft, needle-like leaves which are borne in whorls on spur-like lateral shoots and spirally arranged on young growth; small ovoid cones persist on the branches

  • Family Pinaceae / Pinaceae

  • Species L. decidua is a deciduous conifer making a large conical tree, broadening with age, with cream young shoots bearing soft, light green needle-like leaves in whorls, turning yellow in autumn. Flowers small, cones to 4cm, erect

  • Plant range Alps, Carpathians


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy



  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or North-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Loam

  • pHAcid, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    more than 50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any deep, well-drained soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by seed in containers in early spring, graft in winter, or root semi-ripe cuttings in summer under mist; cuttings are difficult to root

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Architectural

How to care

Pruning no pruning necessary

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases honey fungus may be a problem and canker may cause dieback

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