• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Woodwardia radicans

European chain fern

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
European chain fern

© � RHS

  • Other common names European chain fern

  • Genus Woodwardia are robust rhizomatous ferns with deciduous or evergreen, pinnate to bipinnate fronds, bearing spores in chain-like lines on the undersides

  • Family Blechnaceae / Blechnaceae

  • Species W. radicans is a robust evergreen fern with arching, ovate, bipinnately divided fronds to 1.5m long, bearing bulbils on the underside towards the tips

  • Plant range E Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H3

Colour

Sunlight

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilClay, Loam

  • pHNeutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in neutral, moderately fertile damp soil in partial shade; in frost prone areas shelter from cold, drying winds and protect in winter with a dry mulch

Propagation Propagate by spores, sow spores at 16�C (61�F) in late summer or early autumn; remove bulbils in autumn or divide in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Wall-side Borders Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Cut down old fronds when they deteriorate

Pests Generally trouble free

Diseases Generally trouble free

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