• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Cynara cardunculus

Globe artichoke

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
Globe artichoke

© � RHS 1989

  • Other common names Globe artichoke
    Cardoon

    Prickly artichoke

    see more
  • Synonyms Cynara cardunculus Cardoon

  • Genus Cynara are robust thistle-like plants with grey-hairy, pinnately lobed leaves and globose purple flower-heads

  • Family Asteraceae / Asteraceae

  • Species C. cardunculus is a robust herbaceous perennial to 2.5m forming a clump of silvery-grey, pinnatifid, spiny leaves up to 1m in length. Large thistle-like purple flowers in late summer and autumn

  • Plant range Mediterranean

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Columnar_Upright#Columnar/Upright

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in a fertile, well-drained soil in full sun; shelter from strong winds. In very cold winters, apply a dry mulch.

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in pots in a cold frame or propagate by division in spring or take root cuttings in winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Cut Flowers Architectural Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens

Advertise here