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AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:
© � RHS 1999
Other common names
River birch Red birch
Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring
Betulaceae / Betulaceae
B. nigra is a bushy deciduous tree to 15m or more, with peeling bark, at first reddish-brown, later almost black; glossy dark green leaves turn yellow in autumn
C & E USA
Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing
Exposure Exposed or Sheltered
MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained
SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam
pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral
Higher than 12 metres
Will grow in a wide range of situations
Propagate by softwood cuttings or grafting
Suggested planting locations and garden types
Flower borders and beds
Cottage & Informal Garden
Pruning group 1
Sawflies, aphids and leaf- mining sawflies may be a problem
A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem
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