• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Rhus typhina

Stag's horn sumach

Stag's horn sumach

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names Stag's horn sumach
    Green-flowered sumach

    Staghorn sumac
    Velvet sumac
    Vinegar tree
    Virginian sumach

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  • Synonyms Rhus hirta

  • Genus Rhus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, pinnate or palmately-divided leaves often colouring brilliantly in autumn, and inconspicuous yellow flowers in spring or summer, followed by small, spherical red fruits in dense clusters

  • Family Anacardiaceae / Anacardiaceae

  • Species R. typhina is a large suckering deciduous shrub to 6m, the red-hairy stems with large pinnate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. Dioecious, with yellow-green flower clusters, followed on female plants by dense crimson fruiting heads

  • Plant range North America


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Suckering

  • Toxicity All parts are highly toxic if ingested. Contact with foliage may aggravate skin allergies



  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to obtain best autumn colour. Remove suckers

Propagation Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Low Maintenance Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 7

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases May be subject to coral spot and verticillium wilt

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