• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Euphorbia horrida

African milk barrel

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
African milk barrel

© � RHS 1965

  • Other common names African milk barrel

  • Genus Euphorbia can be annuals, perennials, shrubs or succulents, with milky sap and small flowers held within cupped, often colourful bracts

  • Family Euphorbiaceae / Euphorbiaceae

  • Species E. horrida is a cactus-like shrub with erect, ridged stems bearing long spines and solitary green flowers

  • Plant range S Africa (Cape)

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Clump-forming

  • Toxicity All parts are highly toxic by ingestion

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H2

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or North-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHNeutral, Alkaline, Acid

Size

  • Ultimate height

    1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow under glass in a loam-based potting compost with sharp sand in full light with good ventilation. Water sparingly when in growth keep dry in winter. In the growing season feed a low nitrogen liquid fertiliser 2 or 3 times

Propagation Propagate by seed sown at 15 - 18�C in early spring or stem in spring or early summer. Separate offsets in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests May be attacked by mealybugs

Diseases Generally disease free

Advertise here