• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Eriobotrya japonica (F)

Loquat

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
Loquat

© � RHS 2003

  • Other common names Loquat
    Japanese loquat

    Japanese medlar
    Japanese plum
    Nispero

    see more
  • Genus Eriobotrya are spreading evergreen shrubs or trees with simple, leathery leaves and small white flowers in panicles, followed by succulent fruits

  • Family Rosaceae / Rosaceae

  • Species E. japonica is a large evergreen shrub with handsome glossy leaves to 20cm in length, brown-felted beneath. Flowers 2cm in width, hawthorn-like, scented. Fruit 4cm, apricot-yellow, edible but seldom ripening in most of UK

  • Plant range China, Japan

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H3

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Neutral, Alkaline

Size

  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Under glass grow in loam-based potting compost in full or bright filtered light with good ventilation. Water moderately and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser monthly when in growth and keep just moist in winter. Can be grown outdoors in most fertile soils

Propagation Propagate by seed at 13 to 16 �C in spring or take semi-hardwood cuttings in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Wall-side Borders Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1, may need restrictive pruning under glass

Pests Mealybugs may be a problem under glass

Diseases Generally disease free

Advertise here