• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Trachycarpus fortunei

Chinese windmill palm

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
Chinese windmill palm

© � RHS 2001

  • Other common names Chinese windmill palm
    Chusan palm

    Hemp palm
    Nepalese fan palm
    Windmill palm

    see more
  • Synonyms Chamaerops excelsa misapplied
    Chamaerops fortunei

  • Genus Trachycarpus are dioecious evergreen palms with stout, solitary stems bearing rounded leaves palmately divided into linear segments, with pendulous panicles of small flowers followed on female plants by globose fruits

  • Family Arecaceae / Arecaceae

  • Species T. fortunei is a dioecious evergreen palm forming a small tree with a stout, fibre-covered trunk bearing a terminal tuft of deeply divided, fan-shaped dark green leaves to 1m in width, and large arching sprays of small, light yellow flowers

  • Plant range N Myanmar to C China

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any well-drained, fertile soil in full sun or lightly dappled shade. Needs protection from strong or cold drying winds and will need protection from hard winter frosts. Can also be grown as a conservatory or warm glasshouse specimen

Propagation Propagate by seed sown at not less than 25�C

Suggested planting locations and garden types Drought Resistant Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Mediterranean Climate Plants Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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