• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Rhaphiolepis umbellata

Yeddo hawthorn

Yeddo hawthorn

© � RHS 2002

  • Other common names Yeddo hawthorn

  • Genus Rhaphiolepis are evergreen shrubs or small trees, with leathery, dark green leaves and terminal panicles of white or pink-tinged flowers in early summer, followed by black fruits

  • Family Rosaceae / Rosaceae

  • Species R. umbellata is a slow-growing, small evergreen shrub of rounded habit with leathery, broadly-oval leaves and fragrant white flowers 2cm in width, in terminal panicles in early summer, followed by small, fleshy black fruits

  • Plant range Japan, Korea


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower



  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Neutral, Alkaline


  • Ultimate height

    1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in a sheltered area out of drying or cold winds in a moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate from semi-hardwood cuttings in late summer or layering in autumn. Propagate by seed sown under heated glass in full light

Suggested planting locations and garden types Wall-side Borders

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 8

Pests Generally pest free

Diseases Generally disease free

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