• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Phygelius × rectus 'African Queen'

Cape figwort 'African Queen'

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigourous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
Cape figwort 'African Queen'

© � RHS 1998

  • Other common names Cape figwort 'African Queen'

  • Synonyms Phygelius aequalis 'Indian Chief'
    Phygeliusrectus 'Indian Chief'

    Phygelius 'African Queen'

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  • Genus Phygelius are evergreen shrubs, usually grown as herbaceous perennials in cooler areas, with simple, ovate leaves and large panicles of tubular flowers in summer and autumn

  • Family Scrophulariaceae / Scrophulariaceae

  • Species 'African Queen' is an erect, suckering plant with dark green ovate leaves and large panicles of nodding, tubular pale red flowers, yellow in the throat

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Suckering

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Loam, Chalk, Clay

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun. In frost-prone areas, shelter from cold winds and provide a dry winter mulch

Propagation Propagate by softwood cuttings in late spring. Propagate by removing rooted suckers in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Banks and Slopes Flower borders and beds Wall-side Borders City & Courtyard Gardens

How to care

Pruning Cut back to the base in spring

Pests May be attacked by figwort weevil and capsid bug

Diseases Generally disease free

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